The latest episode of “Heenan in the News” is an announcement about the right of a man in Ireland to carry arms.
Edinburgh Gazette, 9 July 1850 Issue: 5981 Page:553
The Lord Lieutenant, in pursuance of the power vested in him by the Act 11 Victoria, cap. 2, is pleased by this Order, under the hand
of his Under Secretary, to revoke any Licence or Licences granted to carry or to have Arms under the said Act, to Daniel Heenan, of Springmount, in the barony of Lower Ormond, and county of Tipperary.
Given at Her Majesty’s Castle of Dublin, this 3d day of July, 1850.
By His Excellency’s Command,
T. N. REDINGTON.
Who was Daniel Heenan and why was he no longer allowed to bear arms?
There is a Daniel Heenan recorded in Griffith Valuation in Finnoe, Lower Ormond, County Tipperary . Finnoe is a township about 60 kilometres to the north east of Springfield township which is the location given in the Gazette announcement. It’s feasible it could be the same man but not definitive.
The Daniel Heenan in the Griffith valuation is renting several parcels of common land:
- Land: 1 acre
- House, office and land: 13 acres
- Land: 1 acre
- Land: 2 acres
- Land: 1 acre
- Land 1 acre
The total holding is valued at approximately £7. He is also renting a house to a Mary Casey, valued at 5 shillings.
There is another Daniel Heenan recorded in Griffith Valuation, this time in the parish of Dorrha which is in the far north of County Tipperary. This man is renting land and a house from the Honourable Annie Yelverton and is himself renting a house to a James Grady, the whole amount valued at £7 approximately.
Are these individuals the one and the same person? Are they the same Daniel Heenan mentioned in the Edinburgh Gazette? The answer to both questions is “don’t know”.
The only other Daniel Heenan I have found is via a brief mention in the Clonmel Chronicle of 28 June 1854 which is the report of an inquest. The report says:
On Thursday last, a man called Daniel Heenan, for many years a faithful person in the employment of Samuel Clibborn Esq, of Springmount, Borrisokane, was gored to death by a bull. An inquest was held by T.T. Abott Esq, coroner, and a verdict in accordance returned.
Why was the man Daniel Heenan no longer allowed to bear arms? I really have no idea. The county of Tipperary experienced rural violence from the early 1840’s and throughout the famine years. The cause was an increase in evictions as the more landlords found that small scale holdings were not viable. They began to shorten the period of their leases, converting to pasturage, and ejecting the existing tenants. Small farmers with some money emigrated, leaving the landless labourers without hope of employment. This inevitably led to the disturbances and rural outrages that typified North Tipperary in the 1840’s more than any other part of Ireland.
Maybe this had led the government to grant the right to bear arms to some of its citizens as a way of maintaining law and order and come 1850, the crisis had subsided sufficiently to rescind those licenses.
As so often when I come across these newspaper articles, I’m left with more questions than answers.